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How to Write a Synthesis Essay | Paper Types & Crafting Guide

How to Write a Synthesis Essay: Useful Academic Guide

How to Write a Synthesis Essay: Useful Academic Guide

Writing a synthesis essay means that you are supposed to merge information from different sources and present it in one cohesive argument. It is a must-have skill for students in various disciplines because it contributes to developing a critical thinking and research toolkit. In this handbook, we shall define the synthesis essay, its relevance, and the various forms available but focus more on the informative synthesis essay. So, here are the secrets of synthesis essay writing!

What Is a Synthesis Essay and Why It Is Important?

A synthesis essay requires you to glean information from various sources and present a unique perspective on a topic. It is not only about summarizing these sources but also about generating a new concept or an idea. This essay teaches you how to analyze various information, find interlinks, and present a holistic point of view.

  1. Develop critical thinking: Comparing different points of view will help you develop your analytical skills.
  2. Improves research abilities: You learn to identify the sources that can be trusted and how to use them correctly.
  3. Enhances writing skills: Synthesis of information teaches you how to put together an essay that is well-organized and makes sense.

Knowing how to write a synthesis essay is vital for good grades. It allows you to focus on a subject, showing your capability of dealing with complex ideas and presenting them clearly. But what if you consider such assignments tricky? Just reach us and say, "Write paper for me!"

How to Write a Synthesis Essay: Types of Synthesis Essays

The purpose of the explanatory type is to provide a thorough breakdown of a subject by synthesizing concepts found in several sources. On the other hand, the argumentative style offers a clear position on a subject, with evidence from various sources. Here are these two types!


According to common rules and explanations from authorities like Louisiana State University, an explanatory synthesis essay helps the reader understand a topic. It does not present an argument. On the contrary, it combines different sources to provide a holistic picture of the subject matter. This kind of essay is helpful when you want to deliver information in an orderly and unbiased manner.

The objective of explanatory synthesis essays is to enlighten the reader. You must selectively choose your sources to present a balanced perspective on the topic. So, structure your essay in a manner that flows sequentially. Begin with a brief introduction to the topic and its significance. In the body, dissect the subject into subtopics or themes and provide a discussion of each subtopic with reference from your sources. Lastly, end with a conclusion, highlighting the main points and their importance.


Argumentative synthesis essays do not simply portray a topic. It needs you to make a stand or take a position on an issue and justify your position using information from several sources. This essay requires you to think critically about the topic, assess the credibility of various sources, and develop a strong argument.

You have to provide several perspectives, but at the end of the day, you convince the reader to agree with you as the most legitimate or logical. Having a strong thesis statement is very important in an argumentative synthesis essay. This statement indicates the path your essay will follow and makes a claim.

Synthesis Essay: Main Differences

The main difference between an explanatory and an argumentative synthesis essay is that the former aims to present certain facts and materials. At the same time, the latter is focused on providing an argument. An explanatory synthesis seeks to illuminate the facts and inform. It provides an overview of a topic by integrating information from different sources without being biased. The writer aims to inform the reader with a neutral and unbiased approach.

Conversely, in an argumentative synthesis essay, persuasion is the keyword. The writer states his position on a debatable issue and supports his stand by quoting information from different sources. Although the synthesis of information is common to both, an argumentative essay calls for critically evaluating competing points of view to persuade the reader to accept the writer's position. This essential difference, like the topics, affects how information is transferred, how the essay is organized, and how the writer interacts with the sources and the reader. Besides, do not forget that you can pay for essay online assignments, and do not waste your time if you experience academic burnout!

How to Write a Synthesis Essay: Paper Structure

The outline of a synthesis essay is very important, especially when it comes to the presentation of your argument or explanation. The clear structure of an essay enables your reader to track your line of thought and see the links between your thoughts and the sources you have integrated. Here are things you should include!


The beginning of synthesis essays is crucial for the tone of your work and your reader's interest. It begins with a hook, an interesting statement, or a question that catches the reader's eye. After the hook, give a little background to allow your reader to situate the topic you will address. This section is very important because it helps introduce the essay and prepare the reader for the information they will receive.


The synthesis essay body is the meat of your topic, where you present and analyze information you've gathered from your sources. This part is structured in paragraphs, each touching upon some specific element of the thesis or a specific side of the topic. Here are things to include:

  1. Topic sentence: Begin every paragraph by indicating what it is about.
  2. Evidence: Use materials from your sources to back up the thesis statement.
  3. Analysis: Elaborate the connection between this evidence and your thesis or topic.
  4. Synthesis: Demonstrate the interplay of ideas among your sources and how they relate to your main argument or explanation of the phenomenon.
  5. Transition: Transition between paragraphs and ideas.

When writing these paragraphs, it is important to combine your sources into a cohesive story that proves your thesis. It means summarizing each source's words and evaluating their contribution to your topic.


The final part of a synthesis essay is the conclusion, which allows you to restate your thesis and remind the reader of the most convincing arguments you have used. It should not just recap the essay but should consolidate the information presented, relating the arguments and evidence you have given.

Synthesis Essays: Format

Synthesis Essay Format

MLA (Modern Language Association): The use of this style is that the author’s surname and page number are included within the text when referencing. At the end of the paper, a ‘Works Cited’ page lists all the sources in alphabetical order. In this approach, the author and publication date are prioritized. It is mainly used in academic essays, research papers, and literary criticism.

APA (American Psychological Association): In-text citations include the author’s last name and the year of publication in parentheses. All the sources are systematically provided in alphabetical order on a page referred to as a ‘References’ page. This template emphasizes the publication year and scientific research quality. It is relevant to research theses, journal articles, and empirical studies.

Chicago Style: This system offers two methods of documentation: Notes-Bibliography, which is commonly used in the humanities, and Author-Date, which is frequently used in the social sciences. Notes-Bibliography employs footnotes or endnotes for citations, while Author-Date uses in-text citations with a reference list. It is appropriate for academic essays, including research papers, dissertations, and historical reviews.

Synthesis Essay Writing: Steps to Follow

Writing a synthesis essay involves several key steps: selecting a captivating subject, doing comprehensive research, and setting out the main ideas before starting to write.

Choose a Topic You're Curious About

The first and most important thing to do is choose a topic you are truly interested in. Your curiosity will lead you to research this subject more thoroughly and make writing more interesting. A topic should be wide enough to find many sources but specific enough to be workable. It should also provide for complexity because different viewpoints can be investigated. Your passion for the subject will be reflected in your writing, making your essay more interesting and convincing.

Do Your Research

A synthesis essay is based on effective research. First, collect various sources such as academic journals, books, reliable websites, and other related materials. While researching, search for common themes and trends that can link your sources and consider different viewpoints. It is where critical reading skills are very important. You need to be able to grasp the arguments made by your sources, evaluate their credibility, and spot biases.

Outline Your Point

Before starting to write, prepare an outline for your essay to arrange all ideas properly and structure a good argument or explanation. A plan helps to see that every single section of your essay supports your central thesis. Begin with an introduction containing the thesis statement and outline key points or arguments discussed in the main body. For each point, indicate the evidence from your sources that you will use to support your thesis and how the evidence supports your thesis. It is an important step because you want to ensure that your essay flows logically.

Write Your Introduction

The introduction of a synthesis essay is a blueprint of the argument or explanation you will give. Start with a hook to draw your reader's attention, give them some background information to understand the essence of your topic better, and finish with a strong thesis statement.

  1. Hook: Begin with an attention-grabbing statement or question.
  2. Context: Provide a background to introduce your subject.
  3. Thesis statement: State your thesis or the reason behind the explanation.

The introductory paragraph should not just be the introduction of the topic. Still, it should also attract interest to your treatment of the topic, and thereby, it should also give the essay an analytical or persuasive tone.

Include Your Body Paragraphs

The body paragraphs are the sections of the essay where you go in-depth with your topic, providing evidence, analysis, and synthesis. Begin every paragraph with a topic sentence that should relate to your thesis statement. Next, provide some evidence from your sources, discuss the evidence, and show how it is related to your thesis. It is important to integrate the information from your sources, demonstrating that they complement each other and add up to your argument or give a complete picture of the topic.

Wrap It Up with a Strong Conclusion

The conclusion of your synthesis essay is your opportunity to wrap your paper in a nice package. Please briefly summarize the points you have discussed throughout your essay and restate how they have supported your thesis. Consider the broader implications of your argument or explanation and reflect on the importance of your findings. You may also indicate directions for further research or reflect on the possible consequences of your synthesis for the understanding of the topic.

Proofreading Synthesis Essays

Proofreading is very important in the final stage of the writing process. It is not just about finding typos or grammatical errors but a chance to polish your argument, clarify your thoughts, and make the essay coherent and persuasive. Read your essay multiple times, focusing on different aspects: first, clarity and organization; second, grammar and awkwardness; and third, citations and references. You may also read the essay aloud or give it to someone else to correct mistakes you might have overlooked.

Synthesis Essay Examples: The Impact of Technology on Education

In recent years, technology has revolutionized education, making learning easier and more interactive. However, it has also brought about some challenges. Online platforms such as Khan Academy have made education barrier-free, and learners across the globe can access various resources at no cost. This democratization can provide everyone equal learning opportunities, regardless of their geographic location or financial status.

The development of interactive tools and educational applications has revolutionized traditional learning, making it more engaging and personalized for every student. On the other hand, this transition to digital delivery has served to deepen the chasm between the haves and have-nots about access to technology, bringing the concept of the digital divide to the fore. In addition, overuse of technology may affect social skills and the ability to pay attention.

In conclusion, technology in education creates new opportunities for learning and involvement; however, some challenges must be overcome. The future of education lies in the balance between the integration of technology and the strategies concerning equitable access to technology and the minimization of its negative effects.

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